Sodium is one of the essential minerals for the human body. Along with potassium, influences directly the value of blood pressure and has an important role in maintaining the normal parameters of muscle activity and nerve.
Sodium consumption must be done in moderate quantities, experts have warned. And even if we don’t realize, sodium content in foods is raised a lot, informs webmd.com.
In recent years it has been done so much negative publicity to sodium consumption, it is now virtually considered an enemy of the body. The truth must be restored, this capital substance needs to be returned to the place it deserves. High sodium level is found in extracellular fluids (blood plasma).
Recommended daily dose:1 – 3 g
Many specialists opt for a moderate amount (up to 2400 mg/day). A good landmark to oversee sodium consumption: 5 ml (1 teaspoon) equates to 2000 mg (2 mg) of sodium.
The list is long, so most of the people consume more sodium than the daily requirement. Furthermore, all foods contain high doses of treated industrial sodium to accentuate the taste or to extend the conservation.
The main sodium-rich foods are: most meat products (especially flitch and ham), vegetables, fish and conserved meat, soups, shellfish, cereals, bread and bakery products, sauces and of course table salt.
Roles and features
— regulates the volume of liquids;
— along with the potassium ensures the permeability of cells membrane and allows normal circulation of all agents of the body;
— relieve muscular and nervous impulse transmission.
Deficiency and excess disorders
- Sodium deficiency disorders
Low sodium levels cause hyponatremia (a low level of sodium in plasma) – which causes a hyperhydration. Hyponatremia manifests in digestive disorders, nausea, vomiting, disgust towards the water – or neurological problems that go from confusion to coma.
- Disorders attributed to excessive sodium consumption
Too much sodium causes hypernatremia-sodium level too high in plasma. In this case, the most feared problem is dehydration. Strangely, this disorder causes symptoms similar to those caused by other affection: neurological problems (from confusion to obbsesion and finally coma)