High or low quantities of sodium?

Sodium is one of the essential minerals for the human body. Along with potassium, influences directly the value of blood pressure and has an important role in maintaining the normal parameters of muscle activity and nerve.

Sodium consumption must be done in moderate quantities, experts have warned. And even if we don’t realize, sodium content in foods is raised a lot, informs webmd.com.

In recent years it has been done so much negative publicity to sodium consumption, it is now virtually considered an enemy of the body. The truth must be restored, this capital substance needs to be returned to the place it deserves. High sodium level is found in extracellular fluids (blood plasma).

Recommended daily dose:1 – 3 g

Many specialists opt for a moderate amount (up to 2400 mg/day). A good landmark to oversee sodium consumption: 5 ml (1 teaspoon) equates to 2000 mg (2 mg) of sodium.

Sources

The list is long, so most of the people consume more sodium than the daily requirement. Furthermore, all foods contain high doses of treated industrial sodium to accentuate the taste or to extend the conservation.

The main sodium-rich foods are: most meat products (especially flitch and ham), vegetables, fish and conserved meat, soups, shellfish, cereals, bread and bakery products, sauces and of course table salt.

Roles and features

— regulates the volume of liquids;

— along with the potassium ensures the permeability of cells membrane  and allows normal circulation of all agents of the body;

— relieve muscular and nervous impulse transmission.

 Deficiency and excess disorders

  • Sodium deficiency disorders

Low sodium levels cause hyponatremia (a low level of sodium in plasma) – which causes a hyperhydration. Hyponatremia manifests in digestive disorders, nausea, vomiting, disgust towards the water – or neurological problems that go from confusion to coma.

  • Disorders attributed to excessive sodium consumption

Too much sodium causes hypernatremia-sodium level too high in plasma. In this case, the most feared problem is dehydration. Strangely, this disorder causes symptoms similar to those caused by other affection: neurological problems (from confusion to obbsesion and finally coma)

Why are sodium and potassium important?

The debates regarding the sodium and potassium consumption have reached a new level, since a recent study says it’s more dangerous not to expend just enough potassium quantity than that using too much sodium. Potassium-rich foods, including fruits and vegetables, have been featured for years in the diets meant to protect the body from heart … Continue reading

Sodium deficiency in organism

Sodium plays an important role in our body hydration being an important electrolyte for healthy cells. Action of sodium is to bring the water into the cells, while potassium removes excess. This balance helps prevent dehydration and promotes cell health. Sodium is important especially during physical activities, since this electrolyte is lost through sweat. The … Continue reading

Hyponatremia and hypernatremia

Hyponatremia occurs because of  low sodium levels in the blood. Root causes: low amounts of dietary intake of sodium in the diet, eliminating sodium excess (by sweat or urine) or excess of hydration .        At the same time, the level of sodium may decrease when: -a person drink lots of water that does not … Continue reading

Low sodium levels – let’s find more about it

Sodium analysis is made in order to identify hyponatremia (low sodium levels) or hypernatremia (high sodium levels) associated with dehydration, edema and another variety of diseases. The doctor may wish to perform this analysis along with other electrolyte to make a screening of electrolytic imbalance. Also this analysis it can help determine the specific diseases … Continue reading